4 tablespoons cumin seeds
2 tablespoons whole coriander seeds
1 tablespoon cloves
1 tablespoon poppy seeds
1 tablespoon mustard seeds
2 tablespoons ground cayenne pepper
2 tablespoons ground cinnamon
2 tablespoons star anise
1 tablespoon fenugreek seeds
1 tablespoon black peppercorns
4 tablespoons ground turmeric
4 tablespoons ground ginger

Roast the cumin and coriander in a dry saute pan until fragrant, just a few minutes. Grind all the ingredients, except turmeric and ginger, in a spice grinder (or use a mortar and pestle or a coffee grinder reserved for spices only). Combine all the ingredients. Place in an airtight container and store in a cool, dry place for up to several months.